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你熟知这5个词 却不知道它们的历史之久

发布时间:2015-08-31 10:26:27 编辑整理:考走网

之久

1. Computer1.计算机Computer goes back over 400 years. Computer referring to the ‘electronic……

你熟知这5个词 却不知道它们的历史之久

1. Computer

1.计算机

Computer goes back over 400 years. Computer referring to the ‘electronic device (or system of devices) which is used to store, manipulate, and communicate information’ isn’t found until the 1940s, but computeras a machine for performing calculations dates to 1869, according to current OED research.

Computer这词有400多年的历史,直至二十世纪四十年代,computer才意为用于信息储存、操作和交流的电子设备(或系统设备),但根据牛津英语字典最近做的调查,computeras意指能进行运算的机器可追溯到1869年。

2. Email

2. 邮件

你熟知这5个词 却不知道它们的历史之久

4. Crib

4. 婴儿床

The earliest sense of crib is a ‘barred receptacle for fodder used in cowsheds’. More surprisingly, the informal use of crib, chiefly North American, to mean ‘a person’s apartment or house’ has a long heritage. Shakespeare himself used crib to mean ‘a smallhabitation’ or a confined space, in Henry IV, part 2: ‘Why rather, sleep, liest thou in smoky cribs, Upon uneasy pallets stretching thee and hushed with buzzing night-flies to thy slumber, than in the perfumed chambers of the great, under the canopies of costly state, And lulled with sounds of sweetest melody?’.

Crib最早指牛棚里装饲料的木制容器。而更出人意料的是,crib主要在北美的非正式用法(取公寓或房子之意)由来已久。莎翁自己就在《亨利四世》的第二部分用crib指代小住处/密闭的空间——“为什么睡眠,你宁愿栖身在烟熏的茅屋里,在不舒适的草荐上伸展你的肢体,让嗡嗡作声的蚊虫催着你入梦,却不愿偃息在烟雾氤氲的王侯的深宫之中,在华贵的宝帐之下,让最甜美的乐声把你陶醉?”

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